Tag Archives: Gracie Fields

3 New CD Releases!

Three more 78Man Digital albums have been made available on CD. They can be bought on Discogs via the 78Man Store Here or on Ebay from seller Decal23. Alternatively contact me via here, Facebook or Twitter if you don’t use Discogs or Ebay.

The albums are :

78Man Favourites Vol 4

  1. The Music Goes Round and Around-Eddy-Reilly And Their Onyx Club Boys (Brunswick RL 325, 1935)
  2. Mary Ellen’s Hotpot Party-Gracie Fields (Regal Zonophone MR 2067, 1936)
  3. Blaydon Races-The Five Smith Brothers (Parlophone F 2342, 1949)
  4. Everything Is Fresh Today-Jack Hodges (Regal Zonophone MR 1046, 1933)
  5. Feeling My Way-Eddie Lang (Parlophone R 2565, 1938)
  6. Sh’ Shiverin’-Leonard Henry (His Master’s Voice B 2883, 1929)
  7. Ole Faithful-The Three Gynx (Rex 8328, 1934)
  8. Hello Twins-Randolph Sutton (Imperial 2658, 1932)
  9. Shinanika Da-Henry Hearty (Zonophone 5302, 1929)
  10. Hunting Tigers out in Indiah-Walter Miller With Harry Hudson’s Melody Men ( Edison Bell Radio 1421, 1930)
  11. I’ll Bet You Tell That to All the Girls-Billy Cotton And His Band (Regal Zonophone MR 2170, 1936)
  12. The Warber’s Serenade (A Musical Travesty)-The London Novelty Orchestra (Regal Zonophone MR 95, 1932)
  13. Peter’s Pop Keeps a Lollipop Shop-Jack Payne And His Band (Rex 8886, 1936)
  14. My Wife Is On a Diet-Jack Kaufman (Imperial 2178, 1929)
  15. Narcissus-Joyce Grenfell And Norman Wisdom (Columbia DB 3161, 1952)
  16. The Druid’s Prayer-The International Novelty Orchestra (Regal Zonophone MR 1116, 1934)
  17. Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf-BBC Dance Orchestra (Columbia CB 669, 1933)
  18. Buy British-Clarkson Rose (Zonophone 6103, 1932)
  19. My Last Year’s Girl-Leslie Holmes (Rex Records 8135, 1934)
  20. Tiptoe Through the Tulips-Jack Hylton And His Orchestra (His Master’s Voice B 5722, 1929)

78Man Presents Leslie Sarony Vol. 5

1. Coom, Pretty One (Rex 8183, 1934)
2. I Laughed So Hard I Nearly Died (Eclipse 346, 1933)
3. Hold Out Your Pudding for Jam (Eclipse 346, 1933)
4. The Old Sow (Rex 8145, 1934)
5. Jollity Farm (With Jack Hylton & His Orchestra, HMV B5744, 1930)
6. He Played His Ukulele As the Ship Went Down, Pt. 1 (Eclipse 175, 1932)
7. He Played His Ukulele As the Ship Went Down, Pt. 2 (Eclipse 175, 1932)
8. Sing Holly! Go Whistle! Hey Hey! (Broadcast Super Twelve 3026, 1931)
9. Years and Years and Years (Eclipse 871, 1934)
10.No! No! A Thousand Times No! (Eclipse 871, 1934)
11.Sarah Jane (Imperial 2108, 1929)
12.Make Up Your Mind You’re Gonna Be Young (Imperial 2399, 1930)
13.Sunny Days (Imperial 2399, 1930)
14.I Taught Her How to Play (Eclipse 849, 1934)
15.Tom Thumb’s Drum (With Jack Hylton and His Orchestra, Decca F. 2672, 1931)
16.What Are You Going to Do About Mary (Imperial 2121, 1929)
17.On Ilkla Moor Baht’At (Rex 8145, 1934)
18.Virginia (There’s a Blue Ridge Round My Heart) (The Victory 56, 1928)
19.More Rhymes, Pt. 3 (Eclipse 164, 1932)
20.More Rhymes, Pt. 4 (Eclipse 164, 1932)

Songs That Leslie Sarony Taught Us Vol. 2

  1. Why Build A Wall Round A Graveyard?-Roy Fox and His Band (Decca F. 3762, 1933)
  2. I’m a Little Prairie Flower-Jack Jackson & His Band (Decca F. 6652, 1937)
  3. Mucking About the Garden-Jack Morrison (Broadcast 453, 1929)
  4. Madonna Mine-Billy Reid And His London Piano Accordion Band (Decca F. 5116, 1935)
  5. Once Aboard the Lugger-Jack Hylton & His Orchestra (Decca F. 2795, 1932)
  6. When the Band Goes Marching By-Jack Grose And His Metropole Players (Eclipse 265, 1932)
  7. Bunkey Doodle I Doh-Albert Whelan (The Victory 182, 1929)
  8. Ain’t Love Grand-Joe Loss And His Band (Regal Zonophone MR 2645, 1937)
  9. Rhymes, Pt. 1 and 2-Orpheus Dance Band (Zonophone 6016, 1932)
  10. More Rhymes, Pt. 1 and 2-George Buck And The Roysterers (Edison Bell Winner 5441, 1932)
  11. When the Guards Are on Parade-Arcadians Dance Orchestra (Zonophone 5937, 1931)
  12. Ain’t It Grand to Be Bloomin’ Well Dead-Primo Scala’s Accordian Band (Decca F. 9011, 1948)
  13. Snap Your Fingers, Clap Your Hands-Billy Cotton & His Band (Regal MR 583, 1932)
  14. Wheezy Anna-The Barmy Brothers (Regal Zonophone MR 830, 1933)
  15. Over the Garden Wall-Jack Payne & His BBC Dance Orchestra (Columbia CB 132, 1930)
  16. I Lift Up My Finger and I Say “Tweet Tweet”-Clarkson Rose (Zonophone 5342, 1929)
  17. Jollity Farm-Jack Payne & His BBC Dance Orchestra (Columbia 5729, 1930)
  18. Forty Seven Ginger Headed Sailors-Tommy Handley (Piccadilly 140, 1928)
  19. Clonkerty Clonk-Jack Hylton & His Orchestra (His Master’s Voice B 5321, 1927)
  20. Tom Thumb’s Drum-Tommy Kinsman And His Ciros Club Band (Sterno 845, 1932)

More New Releases !

There have been several new releases available for download/streaming  in the last few months, these are : “Songs that Leslie Sarony Taught us Vol 2”, “The Bert Layton Recordings Vol 1” by Leslie Sarony, “78Man Favourites Vol 6”, “Charles Penrose Vol 2”, “Novelty songs of the ’20s and ’30s”, and “Durium Dance Band”. Track listings for each release are below. (For copyright reasons these releases are not available in the USA).

Songs That Leslie Sarony Taught Us Vol 2

(A second collection of cover versions of songs written or co-written by Leslie Sarony)

  1. Why Build A Wall Round A Graveyard?-Roy Fox and His Band (Decca F. 3762, 1933)
  2. I’m a Little Prairie Flower-Jack Jackson & His Band (Decca F. 6652, 1937)
  3. Mucking About the Garden-Jack Morrison (Broadcast 453, 1929)
  4. Madonna Mine-Billy Reid And His London Piano Accordion Band (Decca F. 5116, 1935)
  5. Once Aboard the Lugger-Jack Hylton & His Orchestra (Decca F. 2795, 1932)
  6. When the Band Goes Marching By-Jack Grose And His Metropole Players (Eclipse 265, 1932)
  7. Bunkey Doodle I Doh-Albert Whelan (The Victory 182, 1929)
  8. Ain’t Love Grand-Joe Loss And His Band (Regal Zonophone MR 2645, 1937)
  9. Rhymes, Pt. 1 and 2-Orpheus Dance Band (Zonophone 6016, 1932)
  10. More Rhymes, Pt. 1 and 2-George Buck And The Roysterers (Edison Bell Winner 5441, 1932)
  11. When the Guards Are on Parade-Arcadians Dance Orchestra (Zonophone 5937, 1931)
  12. Ain’t It Grand to Be Bloomin’ Well Dead-Primo Scala’s Accordian Band (Decca F. 9011, 1948)
  13. Snap Your Fingers, Clap Your Hands-Billy Cotton & His Band (Regal MR 583, 1932)
  14. Wheezy Anna-The Barmy Brothers (Regal Zonophone MR 830, 1933)
  15. Over the Garden Wall-Jack Payne & His BBC Dance Orchestra (Columbia CB 132, 1930)
  16. I Lift Up My Finger and I Say “Tweet Tweet”-Clarkson Rose (Zonophone 5342, 1929)
  17. Jollity Farm-Jack Payne & His BBC Dance Orchestra (Columbia 5729, 1930)
  18. Forty Seven Ginger Headed Sailors-Tommy Handley (Piccadilly 140, 1928)
  19. Clonkerty Clonk-Jack Hylton & His Orchestra (His Master’s Voice B 5321, 1927)
  20. Tom Thumb’s Drum-Tommy Kinsman And His Ciros Club Band (Sterno 845, 1932)

The Bert Layton Recordings Vol. 1 by Leslie Sarony (EP)

In 1931, Leslie Sarony recorded several records under the name Bert Layton for Woolworths’ Eclipse label. This EP contains four of those recordings.

  1. Lizzie, Come In and Shut That Door (Eclipse 55, 1931)
  2. I’m Happy When I’m Hiking (Eclipse 69, 1931)
  3. We Won’t Go Home Till Morning and Then We Won’t Go Home! (Eclipse 83, 1931)
  4. The Prosperity Song (Eclipse 69, 1931)

78Man Favourites, Vol 6

  1. The Music Goes ‘Round and Around-Hal Kemp And His Orchestra (Regal Zonophone C 22700, 1936)
  2. No! No! A Thousand Times No, Pt. 1 & 2-Fred Douglas & Bertha Willmott (Regal Zonophone MR 1502, 1934
  3. Mickey Mouse’s Birthday Party-Billy Cotton & His Band (Rex Records 8915, 1936)
  4. Sitting on a Five Barr’d Gate-Sharp & Flat (Piccadilly 696, 1931)
  5. Bees Are Buzzin’-Cicely Courtneidge (Columbia DB 2805, 1951)
  6. Put Your Worries Through the Mangle-Randolph Sutton (Edison Bell Radio 1426, 1931)
  7. Misery Farm-North And South (Parlophone R 288, 1928)
  8. Pass the Biscuits, Mirandy-Spike Jones & His City Slickers (His Master’s Voice B.D. 1207, 1948)
  9. Old Soldiers Never Die, Pt. 1 & 2-Gracie Fields (Rex Records 8618, 1935)
  10. Abide with Me-Grand Massed Brass Bands (Regal MR 663, 1932)
  11. Everybody’s Doing It-Tommy Dorsey & His Clambake Seven (His Master’s Voice B 8809, 1938)
  12. Gramophone Yodel-Daimler And Eadie (Eclipse 937, 1935)
  13. Constantinople-The Radio Imps (Imperial 1926, 1928)
  14. Three Little Fishes-Frankie Howerd (Harmony A1001, 1949)
  15. Turn On the Heat-Vincent Howard & His Dance Orchestra (Sterno 260, 1929)
  16. After the Night Before-Sammy Gay (Crown 83, 1935)
  17. At The Old Pig and Whistle-Harry Fay (Regal Zonophone MR 971, 1933)
  18. The ‘Amstead Way-Tessie O’Shea (Columbia DB 2232, 1947)
  19. The Flies Crawled Up the Window-Jack Hulbert (His Master’s Voice B 4263, 1932)
  20. Tip-Toe Thru’ the Tulips with Me-Solemn And Gay (Zonophone 5496, 1930)

78Man Presents Charles Penrose Volume 2

  1. Our Albert’s Accordeon-Charles Penrose & Kaye Connor (Columbia DB 1461, 1934)
  2. Jolly Coppers on Parade-Charles Penrose (Columbia DB 1461, 1934)
  3. The Laughing Scot, Jock McLean Fra’ Aberdeen-Charles Penrose (Piccadilly 230, 1929)
  4. Laugh and Grow Fat Like Me-Fred Arthurs (Columbia 2089, 1913)
  5. Laughing, Love and the Old Trombone-Charles Penrose & Kaye Connor (Columbia DB 266, 1930)
  6. Laughteritis-Charles Penrose (Columbia DB 302, 1930)
  7. He’d a Funny Little Way With Him-Charles Penrose (Winner 2155, 1912)
  8. Laughing Brown of Camden Town-Charlie Happy (Guardsman 2083, 1926)
  9. The Village Laugh-Smith-Charles Penrose (Columbia 4691, 1928)
  10. Laughing Railway Porter-Charles Penrose (Columbia DB 302, 1930)
  11. Laughing Through Part 1 and 2-Charles Penrose (Columbia DB 1010, 1931)
  12. The Laughing Yodeler-B. Gay and O. Joy (Sterno 541, 1929)
  13. The Laughing Wife and the Clarinet-Charles Penrose & Kaye Connor (Columbia DB 266, 1930)
  14. I Tried to Keep From Laughing-Charles Penrose (Winner 2155, 1912)
  15. The Artful Verger-Charles Penrose (Zonophone 1817, 1917)
  16. That Contagious Laugh-Charles Penrose (Zonophone 1817, 1917)
  17. An Irish Courtship-Charles Penrose & Leslie Hope (Regal G 8284, 1924)
  18. The Laughing Crazy Bassoon-The Laughtermongers (Decca F. 2226, 1931)
  19. The Laughing Curate-Fred Arthurs (Columbia 2089, 1913)
  20. The Piccadilly Laughing Band-Charles Penrose (Piccadilly 230, 1929)

78Man Presents Novelty Songs of the ’20s and ’30s

  1. I Laughed So Hard I Nearly Died-Billy Cotton & His Band (Regal Zonophone MR 747, 1932)
  2. Barnacle Bill the Sailor-Bud Billings (Zonophone 5399, 1929)
  3. I’m Popeye the Sailor Man-Harry Leader & His Band (Eclipse 978, 1935)
  4. Why Is the Bacon So Tough?-Leonard Henry (His Master’s Voice B 2883, 1929)
  5. Hunting Tigers Out In India-Jack Payne & His BBC Dance Orchestra (Columbia CB 151, 1930)
  6. Roger the Lodger-The Two Gilberts (Regal MR 198, 1930)
  7. He Played His Ukulele as the Ship Went Down-Fred And Leslie Gilbert (Broadcast Super Twelve 3151, 1932)
  8. The Lunatics Lullaby-Clarkson Rose (Zonophone 2785, 1926)
  9. Make Yourself a Happiness Pie-G H Elliott (Edison Bell Radio 1453, 1931)
  10. The Yodelling Sailor-George Van Dusen (Rex Records 8655, 1935)
  11. There’s a Song They Sing at a Sing Song In Sing Sing-Primo Scala’s Accordian Band (Rex Records 8719, 1936)
  12. Me Too, Ho-Ho! Ha-Ha!-Alfredo’s Band (Edison Bell Winner 4553, 1927)
  13. We All Go Oo Ha Ha! Together-Albert Whelan (Imperial 2404, 1930)
  14. Oh Mum!-Florrie Forde (Imperial 2554, 1931)
  15. Don’t Have Any More Missus Moore-Jack Hay (Imperial 1706, 1927)
  16. Sophie on the Sofa-Sharp & Flat (Piccadilly 628, 1930)
  17. Down In the Field Where the Buttercups All Grow-Charlie Higgins (Rex Records 8065, 1933)
  18. When the Guardsman Started Crooning On Parade-Bobbie Comber (Rex Records 8679, 1935)
  19. Alice’s ‘Ouse-Peter Rush (Imperial 1706, 1927)
  20. With Her Head Tucked Underneath Her Arm, Pt. 1 & 2-Sammy Gay (Eclipse 842, 1934)

78Man Presents Durium Dance Band

(All tracks originally released on Durium Records in 1932/3, as single sided 2 track cardboard records)

  1. Just Humming Along (EN 13)
  2. Let’s All Sing Like the Birdies Sing (EN 42)
  3. Venetian Lady (EN 42)
  4. What Would You Do ? (EN 14)
  5. Gipsy Moon (EN 16)
  6. It Ain’t No Fault of Mine (EN 19)
  7. The Echo of a Song (EN 19)
  8. Lovable (EN 21)
  9. Foolish Over You (EN 21)
  10. Round the Marble Arch (EN 17)
  11. Oi! Song (EN 29)
  12. When Yuba Plays the Rumba On the Tuba (EN 23)
  13. Why Be So Unkind to Me? (EN 30)
  14. We All Wanna Know Why (EN 30)
  15. You Loving Me (EN 43)
  16. After the Ball (EN 7)
  17. My Donna Rita (EN 40)
  18. Sweethearts Forever (EN 38)
  19. By the Sycamore Tree (EN 10)
  20. An Ev’ning in Caroline (EN 10)

New Releases !

There are two new releases available now to download and stream on all the usual platforms. They are “78Man Presents Leslie Sarony Vol. 5” and “78Man Favourites Vol. 5”. (Note-for copyright reasons these are not available in the US). Two previous digital releases are now also available on CD, these being “78Man Presents Leslie Sarony Vol. 4” and “78Man Presents The Two Leslies”. These are available on Discogs Here . Track Listings for these releases are :

78Man Presents Leslie Sarony Vol 5

1. Coom, Pretty One (Rex 8183, 1934)
2. I Laughed So Hard I Nearly Died (Eclipse 346, 1933)
3. Hold Out Your Pudding for Jam (Eclipse 346, 1933)
4. The Old Sow (Rex 8145, 1934)
5. Jollity Farm (With Jack Hylton & His Orchestra, HMV B5744, 1930)
6. He Played His Ukulele As the Ship Went Down, Pt. 1 (Eclipse 175, 1932)
7. He Played His Ukulele As the Ship Went Down, Pt. 2 (Eclipse 175, 1932)
8. Sing Holly! Go Whistle! Hey Hey! (Broadcast Super Twelve 3026, 1931)
9. Years and Years and Years (Eclipse 871, 1934)
10.No! No! A Thousand Times No! (Eclipse 871, 1934)
11.Sarah Jane (Imperial 2108, 1929)
12.Make Up Your Mind You’re Gonna Be Young (Imperial 2399, 1930)
13.Sunny Days (Imperial 2399, 1930)
14.I Taught Her How to Play (Eclipse 849, 1934)
15.Tom Thumb’s Drum (With Jack Hylton and His Orchestra, Decca F. 2672, 1931)
16.What Are You Going to Do About Mary (Imperial 2121, 1929)
17.On Ilkla Moor Baht’At (Rex 8145, 1934)
18.Virginia (There’s a Blue Ridge Round My Heart) (The Victory 56, 1928)
19.More Rhymes, Pt. 3 (Eclipse 164, 1932)
20.More Rhymes, Pt. 4 (Eclipse 164, 1932)

78Man Favourites Vol. 5

1. The Music Goes Round and Around-Primo Scala’s Accordian Band (Rex 8719, 1936)
2. Oh Alice! Where Art Thou-Leonard Henry (Sterno 682, 1929)
3. Everything Stops for Tea-Jack Buchanan (Brunswick 2125, 1935)
4. Wunga Bunga Boo-George Formby (Regal Zonophone MR 2709, 1938)
5. I’m The Last of the Red Hot Mamas-Mabel Marks (Broadcast 450, 1929)
6. Who’s Gonna Take You Home Tonight-Roy Fox and His Band
7. Himazas-Jack Hylton and His Orchestra (HMV B 5321, 1927)
8. Puss! Puss! Puss!-The Barmy Brothers (Regal Zonophone MR 830, 1933)
9. Horsey Horsey-Jack Jackson and His Band (Decca F 6552, 1937)
10.The Teddy Bears Picnic-Jay Wilbur and His Band (Rex 8347, 1935)
11.Shout! for Happiness-New Matfair Dance Orchestra (HMV B 5984, 1931)
12.Why Waste Your Tears?-Gracie Fields (HMV B 4281, 1932)
13.Les Trois Cloches-Edith Piaf (Columbia DCX 76, 1948)
14.Lazybones-Alf Bertram and His Dance Band (Plaza P 132, 1933)
15.Things Are Looking Up-Cicely Courtneidge (HMV B 8314, 1935)
16.The Catch Record-Leslie Holmes (Imperial 2797, 1932)
17.When Are You Going to Lead Me to the Altar, Walter?-Randolph Sutton (Panachord 25366, 1932)
18.I Took My Harp to a Party-The BBC Dance Orchestra (Columbia CB 674, 1933)
19.I Can’t Wed a Woman Like That-Leonard Henry (Sterno 682, 1929)
20.Tiptoe Through the Tulips with Me-Val Layton (Broadcast 492, 1929)

78Man Presents The Two Leslies

1. Cut Yourself A Little Piece Of Cake (Regal Zonophone MR 1965 in 1935).
2. Forty Four Fousand And Five (Regal Zonophone MR 1965, 1935).
3. Now You’ve Been And Gorn And Done I (Yes Not ‘Alf You Ain’t) (Regal Zonophone MR 2457, 1937).
4. Nay! Nay! Nay! (Regal Zonophone MR 2034, 1936).
5. The Campbells Are Coming (Regal Zonophone MR 2225, 1936).
6. Down At The Hole In The Wall (Regal Zonophone MR 3183, 1939).
7. Sweet Fanny Adams (Regal Zonophone MR 3183, 1939).
8. Old Potato Jones (Regal Zonophone MR 2457, 1937).
9. The Love Bug Will Bite You (Regal Zonophone MR 2443, 1937).
10.We’re Tired Of The Tiger (Regal Zonophone MR 2061, 1936).
11.Audrey Just Laughed And Laughed (Regal Zonophone MR 2277, 1936).
12.Prairie Flower (Regal Zonophone MR 2277, 1936).
13.Why Must We Keep On Working ? (Regal Zonophone MR 2898, 1938).
14.The Dart Song (Regal Zonophone MR 2443, 1937).
15.The New Sow (Regal Zonophone MR 2061, 1936).
16.Umpa, Umpa (Stick It Up Your Jumper) (Regal Zonophone MR 1920, 1935).
17.Let Me Go Back To The Farm (Regal Zonophone MR 2898, 1938).
18.Let’s Set The Town Alight (Regal Zonophone MR 2225, 1936).
19.Miss Porkington Would Like Cream Puffs (Regal Zonophone MR 1920, 1935).
20.Good Night (Got Your Torchlight) (Rex Records 9721, 1940).

78Man Presents Leslie Sarony Vol. 4

1.Malt, Hops and Water (Eclipse 668, 1934)
2. Wheezy Anna (Imperial 2831, 1933)
3. An Elephant Never Forgets (Eclipse 668, 1934)
4. Mucking About the Garden (with Jack Hylton and His Band) (His Master’s Voice B 5696, 1929)
5. Sittin’ on a Five Barred Gate (Broadcast Super Tweleve 3013, 1931)
6. One and One Are Two (Parlophone R 273, 1928)
7. My Wife Is On a Diet (with Harry Hudson’s Melody Men) (Edison Bell Radio 1276, 1930)
8. Ain’t It Grand to Be Bloomin’ Well Dead, Pt. 1 & 2 (Imperial 2688, 1932)
9. We All Go Oo Ha Ha Together (Broadcast Super Tweleve 3013, 1931)
10.Get Up Nice and Early (with Jack Payne and his BBC Dance Orchestra & Tommy Handley) (Columbia 5555, 1929)
11.You Can’t Get a Divi On That (Eclipse 581, 1933)
12.Do You Know? (Imperial 2831, 1933)
13.When I Play on My Spanish Guitar (Eclipse 581, 1933)
14.Jolly Good Company (Eclipse 122, 1932)
15.In the Woodshed She Said She Would (Imperial 1843, 1928)
16.Oh There Ain’t Such a Thing as Worry (Eclipse 482, 1933)
17.Ice Cream (Edison Bell Radio 837, 1928)
18.Shout! For Happiness (Imperial 2451, 1931)
19.It Ain’t Half Alright Ain’t It (Eclipse 482, 1933)
20.Topsy Turvy Talk (Broadcast Super Twelve 3026, 1931)

78Man Podcast Number 30-Leslie Sarony

The 30th 78Man Podcast looks at Leslie Sarony and can be heard on itunes Here or on Soundcloud Here

Tracks heard on the podcast are :

  1. Let me carry your bag to Bagdad Dad by Leslie Sarony (Released by Regal Zonphone (MR 1967) in 1936).
  2. Don’t be cruel to a vegetebuel by Leslie Sarony (Released by His Master’s Voice (B. 2714) in 1928).
  3. I Lift up my finger and I say “Tweet Tweet” by Gracie Fields (Released by His Master’s Voice (B. 2999) in 1929).
  4. Rhymes by Albert Whelan (Released by Imperial (2605) in 1932).
  5. The Chicken or the egg by Leslie Sarony (Released by Victory (141) in 1929).
  6. Mucking about the garden by Jack Hylton and his Orchestra (Released by His Master’s Voice (B 5696) in 1929).
  7. The Prosperity Song by Bert Layton (Released by Eclipse (69) in 1931).
  8. Coo! Lovaduck! Crikey!Coo!Blimey! by The Two Leslies (Released by Regal Zonophone (MR 2034) in 1936).
  9. Ain’t it grand to be bloomin’ well dead Parts 1 & 2 by Leslie Sarony (Released by Imperial (2688) in 1932).

If Leslie Sarony is remembered at all today, it is usually for writing “Jollity Farm” (covered by The Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band on their 1967 album “Gorilla”) or “Ain’t it grand to be bloomin’ well dead”, still a popular song at funerals (and the first record to be banned by the BBC on the grounds of taste), but from the late ’20s to the end of the ’30s he was one of the UK’s most popular singers, releasing hundreds of songs on a plethora of labels, initially as a solo artist and later as part of The Two Leslies, with Leslie Holmes.  Sarony was born (as Leslie Legge Frye, his stage name of Sarony being his Mother’s maiden name) in January 1897. He began appearing on stage as a teenager but his singing career was cut short by World War One. Having survived the war he returned to the stage but it wasn’t until 1926 that he began his recording career. Over the ensuing decade and a half he recorded for Imperial, Eclipse (the Woolworths label), Victory, His Master’s Voice, Regal Zonophone, Edison Bell Radio, Rex and Parlophone among others. Making sense of the Sarony discography is a hard task, as he often recorded for different labels simultaneously, even recording multiple versions of the same song for different labels. He wrote many of his best known songs himself- “Rhymes” (covered by The Goons when they briefly reformed in the ’70s), “Gorgonzola”, “I lift up my finger and I say Tweet Tweet” “Over the garden wall” (the latter two covered by Gracie Fields), “Mucking about the garden” and “Tom thumb’s drum”. Many singers of the time recorded cover versions of Leslie’s songs. As well as writing his own songs he also covered some of the best comic songs of the day-“All by yourself in the moonlight”, “Hunting tigers out in India” (another Bonzos cover), “The old kitchen kettle” and “He played his ukulele as the ship went down” along with the lesser known classics “There’s a song they sing at a sing song in Sing Sing” and “When H’I was H’out in H’India”. What’s great about these rarely heard recordings is that 80 odd years later they’re still funny, if perhaps not always as politically correct as would be acceptable today! In 1933 Sarony teamed up with Leslie Holmes (a fellow singer of novelty songs, known as “the man with the smiling voice”) and for the next 12 years they performed as The Two Leslies recording many records such as “Sweet Fanny Adams”, “I’m a little prarie flower”, “Miss Porkington would like cream puffs” and “Umpa Umpa (stick it up your jumper)” (a phrase used at the end of The Beatles’ “I am the walrus”-wonder if John Lennon had heard the record?) 

Apart from an album made by Roy Hudd in 1980, Sarony didn’t record commercially after 1940 but was constantly working on stage and TV both as a singer and actor-he had appeared in several films during the ’30s and ’40s and later acted on TV shows such as Nearest and Dearest, The Gaffer, I didn’t know you cared and Minder. He worked into his 80s, appearing in Paul McCartney’s film “Give my regards to Broad Street” in 1984 and the Monty Python short “The Crimson Permanent Assurance” in 1983. Leslie died on Feb 12th 1985, and his final two TV appearances-cameos in an episode of the first series of Victoria Wood As seen on TV, and an episode of “There comes a time” (a short lived comedy starring Andrew Sachs) both aired posthumously.

There are now 4 volumes of “78Man Presents Leslie Sarony” available on most major streaming and download sites as well as on CD, each volume contains 20 tracks, many not commercially available for over 80 years. In addition, the album “Songs that Leslie Sarony taught us” features 20 cover versions of songs written by Sarony. CDs can be ordered HERE

78Man Presents Podcast Number 26-Medleys

 

The 26th 78Man Presents podcast features Medleys, and can be found on Itunes Here and on Soundcloud Here .

 

1. Let’s Have a Party Parts 1 & 2 by Winifred Atwell (Released by Philips (PB 213) in 1953). Winifred Atwell was born in Trinidad and Tobago in 1914. She studied pharmacy as her parents were pharmacists, but also played piano, gaining popularity locally. In 1946 she moved to London to study at the Royal Academy of Music. She soon started playing live dates, and made her first BBC Radio appearances in late 1946, although it wasn’t until 1951 that she was signed to Decca and started making records. Her first major hit came in late 1951 with her fourth release “The Black and White Rag”/”Cross hands boogie”, released before the UK singles chart started in 1952. During the rest of the ’50s she had 15 UK chart hits including two number ones-“Let’s have another party” (1954) and “The poor people of Paris” (1956). Other notable hits included “Britannia Rag”, “Flirtation Waltz” and “Port au Prince”. As well as her UK success, she was also hugely popular in Australia, and moved there in the 1970s, by which time her career in the UK had waned (although “The Black and White Rag” was heard regularly as the theme to TV show “Pot black”.) She also had a property in Trinidad where she often stayed . She died in 1983.

2. Tunes With Pep No. 1 by The Bugle Call Raggers (Released by Decca (F 5483) in 1935). The Bugle Call Raggers took their name from the 1922 composition “Bugle Call Rag”, first recorded by The New Orleans Rhythm Kings, and later covered by Benny Goodman, Glenn Miller, Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway and Muggsy Spanier, among many others. They were actually a pseudonym used by Harry Roy and his band, and also released “Temptation Rag” (1936), and “Alexander’s got a swing band now” in 1938. Harry Roy was born Harry Lipman on 12th January 1900 in Stamford Hill, London. In his teens he started performing with his brother Sidney, Harry playing clarinet and saxophone. They paid their dues in the ’20s playing venues like the Cafe de Paris and London Coliseum, also touring Germany, Australia and South Africa under a variety of band names. By the early ’30s Harry was fronting his own band and in 1931 co-wrote the notorious and much covered song “My girl’s pussy”. He made many records for Parlophone during the ’30s, including “Twelfth Street rag”(1933), “Alexander’s Ragtime Band”(1934),”Make funny faces at your neighbours”(1935) and “Beer barrel polka”(1939) before moving on to Regal Zonophone in the ’40s where his recordings included “He’s my uncle”(1940),”Mister Brown of London town”(1941),”Der Fuehrer’s Face”(1942), and “When you wore a tulip”(1943). His recording career ended in the early 50’s and he retired from music until 1969 when he was involved with the musical “Oh Clarence” at the Lyric Theatre in London. He died on 1st February 1971.

3. The Harry Lauder Medley Part 2 by The Victory Band (Released by Decca (F 8298) in 1943). Harry Lauder was born in 1870 in Edinburgh. His Father died when he was 11, and by the age of 14 he was working in a colliery, where he used to sing to his fellow workers. This led to engagements in local music halls, and in 1894 he turned professional. In 1900 he moved down to London where he became immediately successful. Over the next few years his fame grew and he toured America for the first time in 1907. He made his first recordings in 1905 and he recorded prolifically up until the early 1930s. Following his first flush of success (in 1911 he became the highest paid entertainer in the world), Lauder spent much of the Great War raising money for the war effort, for which he was knighted in 1919. The war held personal tragedy for Lauder; his son John was killed in December 1916 at Pozieres. John’s death inspired Lauder to write “The end of the road” which became one of his best known songs. Despite retiring in 1935, Lauder also entertained the troops during World War 2. He died in February 1950.

4. Gracie’s Hit Medley No. 2 Part 1 by Gracie Fields (Released by Regal Zonophone (MR 3054) in 1938). Gracie Fields was born 9 January 1898 in Rochdale and christened Grace Stansfield. She made her first stage appearance at the age of 7 and made her first recordings for His Master’s Voice in 1928, recording one of her biggest hits, “Sally” for them in 1931. Other recordings for His Master’s Voice include “Like the big pots do” (1929), “Painting the clouds with sunshine” (1930), “Just One More Chance” (1931) and “Rochdale Hounds” (1932). In 1935 she moved to Rex Records, her first release for the label being “When I grow too old to dream”/”Turn ‘Erbert’s face to the wall, Mother”. Further Rex releases included “Red Sails in the sunset” (1935), “Did your Mother come from Ireland ?” (1936) and “Lambeth Walk” (1938). She recorded for both Rex and Regal Zonophone until moving to Decca in 1941. In the late ’50s she moved to Columbia Records. During this time, of course, she also appeared in several films, including “Sally in our alley” (1931), “Sing as we go!” (1934), “Look up and laugh” (1935), “Queen of hearts” (1936), and “Shipyard Sally” (1939). Gracie spent most of her later life living on the Isle of Capri where she died on 27th September 1979.

5. Say it with music selection by Jack Simpson and the Freedom boys (Released by Decca (MW 227) in 1945). Jack Simpson was born in September 1905 in Croydon, Surrey, UK. He began playing music as a child, making his first stage appearance at the age of 11, and became known as a xylophone and marimba player. He began recording in the early ’40s with his band The Jack Simpson Sextet, his records including “Oasis” (1941), “Dish me a dish” (1942),  “Stage Coach” (1942), “Praise the Lord and pass the ammunition” (1943), “Jack’s the boy for work” (1949) and “Stick it on the wall Mrs Riley” (1950). He also appeared in the films “Musical Contrasts” (1946) and “Nothing Venture” (1948). He died in 1977.

6. The Naughty Nineties Part 4 by The Old Timers Sketch Company with Fred Hartley’s Quintet (Released by Columbia (DB 1259) in 1935). Fred Hartley was born in Scotland in 1905, and became a pianist after studying at the Royal Academy of Music in London. He made his first broadcast in 1925, and formed his Quintet in 1931. The Quintet made many BBC radio broadcasts, and in 1946 Fred was made Head of BBC Light Music. He also composed piano pieces, sometimes publishing his compositions under the pseudonym Iris Taylor. He died in 1980.

7. A Selection of popular hits Part 2 by Primo Scala’s Accordion Band (Released by Rex Records (8044) in 1933). Many records were released by Primo Scala and his banjo and accordion band, but Primo Scala didn’t exist-it was a pseudonym used by Harry Bidgood, who was born in London in 1898. Bidgood released records under his own name, as well as Nat Lewis, Rossini and Don Porto. He was also musical director on several George Formby films. He was still broadcasting regularly as Primo Scala up to his death in November 1957. Other Primo Scala releases include “The man on the flying trapeze”(1935), “Why did she fall for the leader of the band?”(1936), “The echo told me a lie”(1949) and “Mockin’ Bird Hill”(1951).

8. Swing it George Parts 1 & 2 by George Formby (Released by Regal Zonophone (MR 3103) in 1939). George Formby (and his father George Formby senior) are covered in the blog for the 8th podcast, which featured both men. Read it Here . If you want a more visual telling of George’s story, there’s a documentary on his life Here.

78Man Podcast Number 24a-Same Title, Different Song

Podcast Number 24a is an extra podcast for November 2017, and features songs released on 78 which share their title with later hit songs. It can be heard on itunes Here and on Soundcloud Here . Tracks heard on the podcast are :

  1. Rambling rose by Billy Thorburn’s The Organ, The Dance Band And Me. (Originally Released by Parlophone (F 2308) in 1948). Billy Thorburn was born in 1900, the son of a church verger. As a child he learned to play the organ and became the church organist at the age of 9. After The Great War ended he began playing in bands, including one at the Regent Palace Hotel, and then went on to appear on radio from 1923 onwards as “Uncle Jazz”. A year or so later he joined The Savoy Orpheans, with whom he made his first recordings. After leaving The Savoy Orpheans in 1927, Billy spent the next 6 years with the Jay Wilbur band, recording with them for Dominion, Imperial and Eclipse, as well as playing piano on records from that period by Elsie Carlisle, Charles Penrose, George Formby and Tommy Handley among others. He then joined Jack Payne’s band for a couple of years before forming his own band and began recording for Parlophone as Billy Thorburn and his music in 1936. The following year the band began a regular radio programme, “The Organ, The Dance Band and Me” which became very popular, and led to the band being billed as such on record. The band recorded many records for Parlophone up to the late ’50s, including “There’s Something Wrong With The Weather” (1939), “Meet Mr Callaghan” (1942), “Hey Ho, It’s Love Again” (1943), “Down our way” (1945), “Among My Souvenirs” (1947) and “Saturday Rag” (1952). Billy retired from music in the late ’50s and during the ’60s ran a pub, The Green Dragon in Barnet with his wife Ivy (who he’d been married to since 1923). He died in 1971.
  2. Mona Lisa by Roma’s Accordion Band (Released by Imperial (2653) in 1932). Roma’s Accordion band was another band name used as a pseudonym by Harry Bidgood, alongside Primo Scala and Don Porto. Harry Bidgood was born in London in 1898. He was also musical director on several George Formby films. He was still broadcasting regularly as Primo Scala up to his death in November 1957. Other releases as Roma’s Accordion band include “Leave me alone with my dreams” and “Same old Moon”.
  3. Yesterday by The Radio Imps (Released by Imperial (1732) in 1927) The Radio Imps were a duo, comprising Gerald Underhill Macy and Ed Smalle. Their recording career lasted for around four years between 1926 and 1930 and other recordings include “Where do you work-a John?” (1926), “Hello! Swanee, Hello! (1927), “Constantinople” (1928), “Big City Blues” (1929), and “Ain’t life a load of happiness” (1930). Ed Smalle (1887-1968) also recorded under his own name and with Radio Aces, The Arkansas Trio, The Merrymakers, The Revellers and The Singing Sophomores. Gerald Underhill Macy (1891-1961) also recorded with Duke Yellman’s Orchestra, and was in Radio Aces with Ed Smalle.
  4. Alone by Gracie Fields (Released by Rex Records (8768) in 1936.) Gracie Fields was born 9 January 1898 in Rochdale and christened Grace Stansfield. She made her first stage appearance at the age of 7 and made her first recordings for His Master’s Voice in 1928, recording one of her biggest hits, “Sally” for them in 1931. Other recordings for His Master’s Voice include “Like the big pots do” (1929), “Painting the clouds with sunshine” (1930), “Just One More Chance” (1931) and “Rochdale Hounds” (1932).  In 1935 she moved to Rex Records, her first release for the label being “When I grow too old to dream”/”Turn ‘Erbert’s face to the wall, Mother”. Further Rex releases included “Red Sails in the sunset” (1935), “Did your Mother come from Ireland ?” (1936) and “Lambeth Walk” (1938). She recorded for both Rex and Regal Zonophone until moving to Decca in 1941. During this time, of course, she also appeared in several films, including “Sally in our alley” (1931), “Sing as we go!” (1934), “Look up and laugh” (1935), “Queen of hearts” (1936), and “Shipyard Sally” (1939). Gracie spent most of her later life living on the Isle of Capri where she died on 27th September 1979. Two years before her death she appeared on the Parkinson TV programme in a lengthy interview which can be seen on You Tube Here .
  5. Goodnight Vienna by Robert Chester (Released by Eclipse (291) in 1932.) Robert Chester recorded two other records for the Eclipse label,  “A King of the road am I”, and “You are my heart’s delight” but otherwise very little is known about him. Some sources say Robert Chester was a pseudonym for the actor Darroll Richards, however this is unconfirmed.
  6. Only You by Oscar Rabin and his Strict Tempo Band (Released by Decca (F. 8240) in 1942.) Oscar Rabin was born in Latvia in 1899, and his family emigrated to the UK when he was a child. He began learning music as a child, becoming a professional musician at the age of 15 and attended the Guildhall School of Music. After serving in the First World War, he formed The Romany Five with Harry Davis in 1922, playing violin. Over the next  few years the band expanded and took Oscar’s name, and he switched to playing bass saxophone. Records released by Oscar Rabin include “Hold me” (1933), “Deep in a dream” (1939), “Dancing in the dark” (1941), “Deep in the heart of Texas” (1943), “Moonlight Serenade” (1946), and “Cherokee” (1949). Oscar Rabin died in 1958.
  7. Sweet Fanny Adams by The Two Leslies (Released by Regal Zonophone (MR 1922) in 1935.) The Two Leslies comprised Leslie Sarony (See Podcast 1 blog) and Leslie Holmes (Born in Newcastle upon Tyne, 1902, died in Hove, 1960.). Holmes, like Sarony, was a singer of novelty songs (and covered many of Sarony’s compositions) although not as prolific or successful. His solo recordings included “I’ve gone and lost my little Yo-Yo”,”The old kitchen kettle”,”Ask me another”(all 1932),”What do you give a nudist on her birthday?”(1934) and “Winter draws on”(1935). The pair joined forces in 1935 and performed as a duo until 1946. The Two Leslies records included “The New Sow”, “The Campbells are coming”, “I’m a little prairie flower” and “So ‘Andsome”.
  8. Dinner at Eight by Jack Payne and His Band (Released by Imperial (2919) in 1933.) Jack Payne was born on 22 August 1899 and began his musical career playing piano while serving in the Royal Air Force during World War One. During the ’20s he moved to London and joined a band which became the house band at London’s Hotel Cecil. Appearances on BBC Radio followed and in 1928 Payne became the BBC Director of Dance Music and the leader of the BBC’s first official dance band. They made many records, including “Riding on a camel” (1929), “On her doorstep last night” (1929), “Sittin’ on a five barred gate” (1930) and “Goodnight sweetheart” (1931) and also appeared in the films “Say it with music” (1932) and “Sunshine ahead” (1936). Jack Payne died on 4 December 1969.
  9. Avalon by The Black Diamonds Band (Released by Zonophone (2115) in 1921.) The Black Diamonds Band were one of the first recorded acts, making records as early as 1904 (initially on one sided Zonophone releases). They had a lengthy career, into the early ’30s although it is unclear if the band remained the same throughout these years or whether the name was used for recordings by different bands. Other releases by The Black Diamonds Band include “El Capitan March” (1904), “Miss Dixie” (1908), “The Policeman’s Holiday” (1912), “We all went marching home” (1915), “Amazon River of Dreams” (1921), “In a Clockmaker’s shop” (1929) and “Washington Post March” (1932).
  10. Mama by Oscar Denes and Lizzi Waldmuller (Released by His Master’s Voice (B 3946) in 1931). Oscar Denes was born in Magyarkeszi, Austria-Hungary in 1891, and died in 1950. As an actor he appeared in “Ben Kolumbusz” (1921), “Victoria and her Hussar” (1931, from which “Mama” is taken) and “Roxy Und Das Wunderteam” (1938). Lizzi Waldmuller was born in Knittelfeld, Styria, Austria in 1904, and died in 1945. She appeared in many films, including “Love at first sight ” (1932), “Peer Gynt” (1934), “Bel Ami” (1939), “Traummusik” (1940) and “The Night in Venice” (1942).

78Man albums to be released on CD

Over the last year there have been a series of 78Man albums released digitally on download and streaming sites. Now, they are being made available on made to order CDs, with the first three available now. The first three releases are 78Man Favourites Vol. 1, 78Man presents Charles Penrose, and Songs that Leslie Sarony taught us. They are avaible from Etsy Here , Discogs Here , Ebay from our nominated seller decal23 , or you can order directly from here, by making a Paypal payment to 78man@pobroadband.co.uk – CDs cost £5 each inc p&p in the UK, £6.25 in Europe, and £7.50 for rest of world (inc. p&p). (State which title(s) you require in comments). More releases will be announced shortly.

Track listings for the CDs are :

78Man Favourites Vol. 1 :

  1. The Music goes ’round and around by Jay Wilbur and his band (1936)
  2. Barnacle Bill the sailor No. 2 by Bud and Joe Billings (1930)
  3. On her doorstep last night by The Rhythmic Troubadours (with vocal chorus by Tom Barratt) (1929)
  4. Captain Ginjah by Harry Fay (1925)
  5. My very good friend the milkman by Jack Jackson and his orchestra (1935)
  6. Painting the clouds with sunshine by Al Benny’s Broadway Boys (1929)
  7. Roger the lodger by Leslie Jerome (1929)
  8. By a waterfall by The Eight Piano Orchestra (1934)
  9. Song of the Emmenthaler valley by The Alpine Yodelling Choir (1929)
  10. The sunshine of your smile by Lilian Davies (1930)
  11. Get away, old man, get away by Frank Crumit (1927)
  12. The bushes at the bottom of the garden by Norman Long (1931)
  13. Put your worries through the mangle by Albert Whelan (1930)
  14. When moaning Minnie moans no more by Mr. Lovejoy, Enoch and Ramsbottom (1941)
  15. I’ve never seen a straight banana by Fred Douglas (1927)
  16. Mucking about the garden by The Two Gilberts (1929)
  17. What’s good for the goose is good for the gander by Ed Lloyd and his band (1934)
  18. The More we are together (The Froth blowers anthem) by Alfredo’s band (Vocal chorus by Peter Bernard) (1927)
  19. What do you give a nudist on her birthday? by Leslie Holmes (1934)
  20. Tiptoe thro the tulips by Honolulu Serenaders (1929)

78Man Presents Charles Penrose :

  1. My Giggling Typist (as Charles Jolly and Kaye Connor, Regal MR 331, 1931)
  2. The Laughing Bachelor (as Charles Penrose, Columbia 4236, 1927)
  3. A Merry Little Laugh (as Charles Jolly, Regal G 7896, 1923)
  4. Laughing Stuttering Sam (as Charles Penrose, Columbia DB 856, 1931)
  5. Army Laughs (as Charles Penrose, Colmbia 4691, 1927)
  6. Dismal Desmond the Despondent Dalmatian (as Charles Penrose, Columbia 4236, 1927)
  7. Felix Keeps on Laughing (as Charles Penrose, Winner 4277, 1924)
  8. Happy Herbert (as Charles Jolly, Regal G 7922, 1923)
  9. Laughs and Frills (as Charles Jolly and Kaye Connor, Regal MR 723, 1932)
  10. Seeing Each Other Home (as Charles Penrose, Winner 3910, 1923)
  11. Happy Hikers (as Charles Penrose and Company, Columbia DB 856, 1931)
  12. The Laughing Bassoon (as Charles Jolly and Kaye Connor, Regal MR 723, 1932)
  13. The Laughing Nippy (as The Spoofums, Eclipse SC 26, 1933)
  14. The Laughing Speed Cop (as Joy Day and Merry Andrew, Broadcast 765, 1931)
  15. Young Ideas (as Charles Jolly, Regal G 7922, 1923)
  16. The Laughing Widow (as The Spoofums, Eclipse SC 26, 1933)
  17. The Perpetual Laugh (as Charles Jolly, Regal 7135, 1915)
  18. When I got home (as Charles Penrose, Winner 3910, 1923)
  19. Two Old Sports No. 1-Gouty but Gay (as Penrose and Whitlock, Regal G 7566, 1920)
  20. Two Old Sports No. 2-Merry and Bright (as Penrose and Whitlock, Regal G 7566, 1920)

Songs that Leslie Sarony taught us :

  1. Why build a wall round a graveyard by Roy Leslie (originally released on Eclipse 620 in 1934).
  2. In these hard times by Leonard Henry (Sterno 993, 1932)
  3. Ain’t it grand to be bloomin’ well dead pt 1 & 2 by George Buck and The Roysterers (Edison Bell Winner 5474, 1932)
  4. Jollity Farm by Hal Swain and his band (Regal G 9440, 1929)
  5. Come in Mr Cummin by Clarkson Rose (Zonophone 5429, 1929)
  6. I’m a little prarie flower by Billy Cotton and his band (Rex 9180, 1937)
  7. I lift up my finger and I say “tweet tweet” by Gracie Fields (His Master’s Voice B 2999, 1929)
  8. Gorgonzola by The Two Gilberts (Regal MR 198, 1930)
  9. Bunkey doodle I doh by Harry Hudson’s Melody Men (Edison Bell Radio 1300, 1930)
  10. Wheezy Anna by Roy Leslie (Eclipse 374, 1933)
  11. Wheezy Anna’s wedding day by Billy Cotton and his band (Regal Zonophone MR 1141, 1934)
  12. More Rhymes, Pt 1 & 2 by White Star Syncopators (Piccadilly 893, 1931)
  13. Over the garden wall by Albert Whelan (Imperial 2272, 1929)
  14. Shut the gate by The Two Gilberts (MR 180, 1930)
  15. Forty Seven ginger headed sailors by Jack Hylton and his Orchestra (His Master’s Voice B 5542, 1928)
  16. Mucking about the garden by Clarkson Rose (Zonophone 5429, 1929)
  17. Topsy Turvy Talk by Albert Whelan (Imperial 2453, 1931)
  18. Let’s all sing the lard song by Harry Bidgood and his broadcasters (Broadcast 185, 1927)
  19. Don’t do that to the poor puss cat by Stanley Kirkby (Edison Bell Radio 862, 1928)
  20. Once aboard the lugger, Pt 1 & 2 by Randolph Sutton (Imperial 2644, 1932)